December 3, 2019

Duties and Tasks of HOA Treasurer: The Role of Board Treasurer

All members of the board are responsible for the association’s overall financial health, but the HOA treasurer has specific duties to protect the association’s assets.

These duties—and the authority to exercise them—are found in the association’s governing documents and also in state laws. It’s a big responsibility, but fortunately, the HOA manager helps with many of the details.

In this post, we'll explain what a treasurer does on an HOA board. You'll also learn about all their duties and responsibilities. 



What Does the HOA Treasurer Do?

Most people would, typically, associate the position of an HOA board treasurer with handling the association's money. But that's only part of the truth.

As part of the process of "handling money," a board treasurer must perform additional tasks and duties regarding HOA’s financials.

HOA treasurer duties:

Internal controls: Treasurers keep an eye on how the funds are being handled. For example, a treasurer would raise a red flag if a check made payable to Cash showed up in the association’s books.

Records: Treasurers maintain financial and accounting records—or see to it that they are securely and properly retained, perhaps by the manager.

Audits: Association financial and accounting records need to be audited periodically. It’s the treasurer’s job to ensure that a CPA undertakes this important activity at regular intervals.

Budgets: Treasurers are responsible for preparing the annual budget. That doesn’t mean they actually crunch numbers or develop spreadsheets, rather they work closely with the association manager or CPA to ensure the members’ values, preferences, and needs are reflected in the budget.

Insurance: Treasurers make sure the association has adequate insurance of all types—casualty, fidelity, worker’s compensation, and other necessary protections.

Investments: Treasurers are watchdogs for the association’s investments. They make sure investments are sound and do not jeopardize principal. Boards generally have investment policies that guide their investment decisions, and it’s the treasurer’s job to see that the policy is followed.

Assessments: Collecting assessments and monitoring delinquent accounts is typically a service provided by the manager or management company. The treasurer, however, keeps a close eye on the delinquencies and alerts the board to problem areas.

Reserves: Treasurers ensure that the association periodically conducts a reserve study and that it’s adequately funded in the annual budget.

Taxes: The treasurer is the board’s liaison to the association’s auditor and CPA. The treasurer monitors the progress of the annual audit and makes sure the appropriate tax returns are filed on time.

In short, the association treasurer’s job is to maintain the integrity of the association’s finances.

The final list of HOA treasurer's responsibilities will differ from association to association, of course. In most cases, however, the treasurer will be responsible for the overall financial management: signing checks, reviewing financial records, managing collections, creating financial statements, and managing the reserve fund.

Their most important task, by far, though, is preparing the HOA’s budget

‍HOA Treasurer - Best Practices

Because the HOA treasurer’s role is all about money and financials, there are two practices that the person must keep in mind at all times. 

  • Transparency. A treasurer cannot hide the association’s financial situation from other board members. 
  • Consistency. A treasurer must consistently document HOA’s every financial translation, establish a paper trail, and have all the data to share in reports for the board.